Indian interior design books pdf

 
    Contents
  1. Download +500 Best Architecture Books Legally free!
  2. Book: ARCHITECTURAL VOICES OF INDIA
  3. 20 EBOOK DOWNLOAD FREE INTERIOR DESIGN
  4. Interior Design Materials and Specifications

PREFACE. INNOVATIVE INDIAN INTERIORS has collected The book has innovative designs and features unique homes that are adjusted to the particular . PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy . Download this free interior design ebook featuring the best designs on Home Designing. Feel free to share this book or this download link with anyone, once you download it. Visit Download Page (Ebook is in PDF format with MB size.

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Indian Interior Design Books Pdf

ebook interior design free ebook interior design interior design interior design sketchup Classic Arts and Crafts Furniture_ 14 Timeless Designs-Popular Woodworking Books download. 3. 18 Designing Furniture-The Taunton Press ( ).pdf download . aglurarasadd.ga india/. Indian Home Interior Design Book Pdf - Small House. At aglurarasadd.ga we want to encourage everyone to give interior design a try . No matter what scale of . Click on the links below to download free PDF files.

download now. This complete guide to the selection of materials for interiors has been updated to reflect recent industry changes and contemporary awareness of topics. Written from the viewpoint of the working designer, Interior Design Materials and Specifications, 3rd Edition, describes each material's characteristics and teaches students how to evaluate, select, and specify materials, taking into account factors including code compliance, building standards, sustainability guidelines, human needs, and bidding processes. Students will learn how to communicate with suppliers and vendors to achieve the results they envision and how to avoid some of the pitfalls common to material selection and specification. Preface 1. Making Material Selections 2. Accoustics 3. Paints, Coatings, and Wallcovering 4. Textiles, Window Treatments, and Soft Goods 5.

Pilih Otions untuk keluaran ok udah deh June 01, Japanese Modern Interior Design Construction download. Unknown January 30, at 2: Avinash Pimpalkar February 7, at 9: Unknown February 25, at 5: Support Children Playground March 12, at 2: Unknown March 27, at 8: Unknown April 5, at 5: Anonymous July 19, at 3: Shailendra Singh July 23, at 9: Donald Goje July 25, at 7: Chinedu Enemchukwu October 8, at 9: Kavya Mehra October 19, at 7: Unknown November 14, at 3: Unknown November 17, at 4: Sampada Creations November 28, at Seema Jaswal December 18, at 3: Mr Tech December 27, at 4: I tried to incorporate the latest information available on each subject suiting to Indian conditions.

I would have included many other topics, but then, it would. Interior decoration as a profession, I 2. Emergence of professional interior designer, I.

Download +500 Best Architecture Books Legally free!

The elements, 3 2. The principles,. Golden mean rectangle, 6. Stone, 7 2. Clay products, 9 3. Mortar, to 5. Concrete, 10 6. TImber, II 7. Plywood and related products, II 8. Plastics and related products, 12 9. Glass and related products, 12 Paints and related products, 13 Ferrous and Non-ferrous metals, 13 Gypsum and related products, 14 Water Supply, 15 2. Atmospheric conditions for human comfort, 29 Process of air-conditioning, 30 Air-conditioning under lndianclimatic conditions, 30 Types of Air-conditioning methods, 30 6.

Refrigeration methods, Calculation of packaged systems, Daylight factor, 33 2. Recommended daylight factors for interiors, 33 3. Calculation of the openings for natural lighting, 34 4. Different types of lighting arrangements, 38 2. Variety of lamps, 39 3. Lighting accessories, 41 4. Protection devices, 44 5. Calculation of artificial lighting requirement, 45 6. Properties of sound, 50 2. Sound in interiors, 52 3. Sound absorption, 53 4.

Acoustic design of a hall, 55 5. Dampness Protection, 57 2. Ceiling, 63 2. Walls, 64 3. Doors and Windows, 65 4. Flooring, 65 5. Furniture, 68 6. Ingredients of paint, 70 2. Types of paints, 70 3.

The painting process, 7] 4. Lettering, ] 2. Scales, J B. Geometrical Figures, 6 2. Orthographic Projections, ]4 C. Brick Bonds, 23 2. Elevation and Section. Typical Wall cross-section, 30 4. Arches and Lintels, 33 5. Types of Arches, 36 23 - F.

Wooden Joints, 38 2. Doors, 42 3. Windows, 46 4. Wooden Panelling, 49 5. Partition Wall, 5] 6. Suspended Ceiling, 53 7. Modular Furniture, 55 G.

Dog-Legged Stairs, 6] 2.

Spiral Stairs, 63 3. Geometrical Stairs, 65 I. Colour Wheel. Contrast Colour Scheme I, 72 4. Contrast Colour Scheme I, 74 J. Isometric view, 78 2. Axonometric view, 86 3. Perspective Drawing Principles, 94 4. Perspective I-point , 95 5.

Organisation of Space, 2. Interior Layout of a Residence, - M. Facilities in CAD system, 2. Advantages of using CAD, 3.

Traditionally the carpenter ,or the store-keeper used to advise the arrangement of interiors for their clients. Until the First World War interior decoration was closely related to the trade of antiques.

The social and economic situation during the 20th century increased the importance of an interior decorator. Interior decoration still remains a ld? The role of interior decorator is always advisary because of the consultative nature of the work.

It is one of the professions in which women did very well. In America, women tried to establis,h economic independence through interior decoration of existing buildings or rooms.

Interior decorators were mainly responsible for selecting suitable textiles, floor and wall coverings, furniture, lighting and colour schemes for rooms. Interior decoration never enjoyed the status of architecture and the interior decorator is rarely responsible for structural alterations. It is regarded as a branch of fashion design because in interior decoration very few schemes remain. Interior decoration gained importance with the publication of the book, 'The decoration of houses' by novelist Edith Wharton and 'good taste' architect Ogden Codman in They identified the principles of proportion and harmony for the planning of interior schemes.

Then the emergence of interior designer with , professionalqualificationstarted to dominatethe interiors. These designersworkedon non-domesticinteriorsbecausethe commercialsector realisedthe worth of good interior design.

During and after the Second World War, modernisation was developed in America. Among the prominent modem architects in America, Mies Van der Rohe, designed exposed steel-frames and brick-and-glass infills. Different functional areas were delimited by storage units not reaching the ceiling. The false ceiling of each floor conceals services such as air-conditioning and electric cables. They can be easily accessible for maintenance through the false ceiling.

The working environment is totally controlled with air-conditioning and artificial lighting. The natural elements are introduced with floor carpets, indoor plants and the use of sky lights. Another interior design feature is to leave interior brickwork and concrete exposed.

Open shelving, drawers, cupboards and desks replaced partition walls. Thus a good interior design was defined as 'items in which the design was simple of good proportions and without dust collecting features with stress on good construction'.

Manufacturers were allowed to produce their own designs and there was public demand for ornament and periodic design features.

Certain features of modem interiors are indoor plants, built-in furniture, animal skins as floor coverings, Venetian blinds, open storage space and smooth organic forms. There is a tendency to use different textures and patterns. Free-standing lamps replaced wall and ceiling lamps.

Book: ARCHITECTURAL VOICES OF INDIA

The garden is integrated with the living space by a sliding glass door. The discovery of new building materials led to many more innovative interior design concepts.

Describe the emergence of professional interior designer? What are the important features of modem interior design? The main source of design has been nature for man and his creations. From nature many aspects has been picked up for various designs.. To communicate these thoughts, there is a need to develop a design language. Broadly we can divide them into two groups. They can be classified into: B Form A Line'. Line - Line is the basic design element.

Too many lines of different nature in a room create an impression of visual chaos like too many beams, panelling on walls etc.

Equal heights in furniture bring in the impression of unity in the space. Vertical lines create the imPression of height and similarly horizontal lines create the impression of more length. Vertical lines of door ways, draperies, windows, built-in cupboards give strength and height to a room.

Similarly horizontal lines are obtained by tables, chairs, book cases etc. Form It is also referred as shape, area or mass. Forms are closely related to lines. A long rectangular table or sofa helps in creating a line of unity in the room but at the same time too many shapes or formS of furniture create the impressionof chaos. Texture - Surface characteristics of any object is known as texture.

A rough texture absorbs light , ' 4 and smooth surface reflects light. Small and dark rooms should have smooth texture and large rooms can have rough texture, if needed. Textures can be used for wall finish, woodwork, furniture etc. Our national flags and political party flags are good examples of our attachment to various colours.

We all know that colours are an integral part of our religion and culture, so the choice of colour is very important and relative to the functional use of space. Light is intimately linked with colour because light is the source of all colours in nature. Bright colours should be used in dark areas and dark COIOurfcan be used in lighted areas.

There are wide variety of colours for interior surfaces. A careful and thoughtful use of colours is very essential for attractive interiors.

Pattern - Pattern is a kind of surface enrichment.

20 EBOOK DOWNLOAD FREE INTERIOR DESIGN

Any room will look dull without any pattern. In interior design there are three types of motifs or units of design. Ferns and leaves are the most commonly used pattemmodels for fabrics and other decorative articles. Light - Light is an art and utilitarian element. Light is closely related to colour and texture. Daylight is very important in the overall appearance of a room. Artificial lighting has become common in interior design today due to the lack of natural light in the interiors.

There are many reasons for this. Many designers prefer artificial light for dramatic effect of interiors. However a good combination of natural and artificial lighting will save energy consumption. Artistic placement of lights can bring out important areas and keep subordinate areas in shadow.

There are several types of artificial lighting appliances available today for interior designers. Now, let us discuss the 'Principles' 2. Balance - Balance is equalisation of attraction on both sides of the centre. There are two types of balance. Emphasis - Emphasis helps to centre the interest to the most important thing or spot in any arrangement.

It should be called as focal point or cenVe of interest. If there is one main emphasized point in a room then others will become subdued. Few examples are a window, an arch. The point of emphasis should be decided by the interior designer. Emphasis 2. Rhythm - Rhythm is the movement of the eye' across a design.

It is a kind of organised movement in continuity. Rhythm develops through repetition of shapes, lines or colours. Rhythm 2. Proportion - Proportion is the consideration'of weight.

It demands that all space divisions should be pleasingly related to each other. For example the division-of a room 4. Unity of Harmony - When all the elements of design are nicely related, then the design has unity or harmony. For example if all items have same colour or similar type of wood or. All forms, lines, textures and colours should be harmonious. The colours need not be the same always, but they can be complementary or matching one another.

Gold is the most uncorruptable and perfect of all the metals, so similarly this propotional relationship is also believed to be perfect. It can be described as the relationship of two unequal parts, where the ratio of the smaller part to the larger pan is the same as that of the larger part to the whole. The ratio can be approximately assumed as 1: Assume 'a' as the..

A G lden mean rectangle can be generated from a given square. First the square is divided into half, then the diagonal of one of these rectangles is rotated d6wn along the side of the original square. From the end of the rotated diagonal the desired Golden mean rectangle is constructed. Assume a square of 4. It is 4. Draw the diagonal arch OB cutting at F. It is 16 sq. It is 9. It is What are the elements of design composition? What are the principles of design composition?

What is 'Golden mean rectangle'? The knowledge of different building materials, their properties and uses help in achieving economy and efficient use of materials.

The cost of materials in the construction of a building ranges from 60 to 70 percent of the total cost. Some essential building materials are described below. Many new building materials are combinations of these materials or further innovations of these materials. They can be broadly classified as below: It is extensively used in general ,building cQnstruction and ornamental carving. It is also used for general building purposes and manufacturing of lime. Harder slates are used fot damp-proofmg and steps of staircases.

It is also used for flooring and other decorative works. It is used in foundations of structures and superstructures also, but not used for ornamental work. I g Laterite - It is normally used for inferior type of stone masonry work. Stone aggregate - Aggregate is a general term applied to all inert materials which when bonded together with cement form concrete. General properties a A good building stone should be hard, tough, compact grained and unifonn in texture and oolour.

Stone should be properly seasoned by exposure to the air before they are put in a structure. They should be small enough to be lifted and placed by hand. Length should be three times of the height and breadth, and it should not be less than six inches. Maximum height should be one foot.

All stones should be wetted before use. Stone masonry types a Random rubble masonry b Coursed random rubble masonry c Square rubble coursed and uncoursed masonry d Ashlar a Random rubble masonry - The stones are hammer dressed on the face, sides and beds to such an extent that the stones will come into close proximity with the neighbouring stones. Random Rubble Mason! No face stone should '''be narrower or shorte. Square Rubble Masonry Uncoursed Fig. Ashlar 2. A Bricks B TIles. C Terracota A Bricks The manufacturing of bricks involves four distinct operations.

They are earth preparation for bricks, moulding, drying and buining. The - normal sizes of bricks available in India are 9" x 4 a Brick properties -- r x 3" and 10" x 5" x: The surface should not be too smooth because mortar will not stick to it. All bricks should be soaked in water for about one hour before use. B TIles - They can be divided into two classes.

Flooring tiles 2. RooImg tiles 3. Quarry tiles. Glazedearthenwaretiles , 1. Square tile siZes are 15 x 15 ems with 18 mm thickness, and 20 x 20 cms with 20 mm thickness: Roofing tiles - There are number of vaqeties. These are generally rectangular in plan. For example Mangalore tiles, Allahabad tiles, flemish tiles and country tiles. Quarry tiles - These are very dense and possess a good wear resisting property. They are used for heavy wear or chemical resistance flooring.

Glazed earthenware tiles - The top side of the tile should be glazed and the underside should be completely free from glaze so that the tiles may stick well to the surface. The edges should be free from glaze.

These are generally used in finishing floors and walls of kitchens, bathrooms, water closets and. Terracota - It is a kind of earthenware made from superior clay by burning. Hollow terracota blocks are used as a substitute for stone in ornamental parts. Porous terracota is a fire resisting material. It mainly consists of three ingredients lime, silica and alumina. Lime 60 to 65 percent and silica 20 to 25 percent. Manufacturing of dment by wet process can be-divided into three stages..

First stage is mixing of raw materials, second stage is burning and third stage is grinding. There are other varieties of cement apart from portland cement, they are as described below: A Rapid hardening cement - This type of cement attains high strength in early days because of increased lime content in composition and bumingat higher temperature and finer grinding. This type of cement is used in concrete when earlyhigh strengths are needed either to remove form work quickly or speedy construction or in cold weather conditions to reduce the period of protection against low temperature or to achieve economy for early higher strengths.

B Quick selling cement - This type of special cement starts setting within five minutes of water addition and becomes bard like stone within thirty minutes. This is produced by adding small percentage of aluminium sulphate as an accelerator and also by reducing percentage of gypsum and fine grinding. This type of cement is used where the work has to be completed in a short time. For example cement concreting in static or running water.

C White cement - This is a variety of ordinary cement and prepared from such raw materials which are practically free from iron oxide. It is more costly and used for architectural decoration purposes. I D Pozzalona cement- Pozzalona is a volcanic powder found in thermal plants. It is mixed with cement clinker to prepare cement.

This can also be used for internal plastering for economical building construction. This is used to bond masonry or other structural units. The uses of mortars are as mentioned below: To unite bricks or stones in the construction of brick and stone masonry.

Lime acts as a binding material for preparing mortar when it is to be used in masonry work. Generally lime to sand ratio is 1: Where cement acts as a binding material. The proportion of cement to sand varies from 1: Surkhi mortar - It is a mixture of lime, surkhi and water.

Here sand is substituted by surkhi for economy and strength. They are: A Plain Cement Concrete - It is a mixture of cement, water and aggregate. It has high compressive strength. It has good workability as it can be moulded into different shapes. It has high durability value and not much affected by atmospheric conditions. It is a good insulator and has a fairly good fire resistance. B Reinforced Cement Concrete RCC - In reinforced cement concrete, both concrete and reinforcing metal usually steel are combined to act together as one material and produce a more economical material than either acting alone.

A general proportion of mix is 1: C Presttessed Concrete - This is a modification over RCC in which steel provides high initial compressive stresses in the concrete so that it may resist tensile stresses without cracking. Prestressed concrete saves upto fifty percent of concrete and quantity of steel is also reduced as high tens.!! D Lime Concrete - It is a mixture of lime, fine and coarse aggregates and water in 1: In reinforced brick concrete, steel rods are embedded inrement concrete which take teJlSion whereas compression is.

This is cheaper than RCC. TIMBER Timber is that part of wood of a tree which is of sufficient size and can be used for builQing, carpentary and various other construction purposes.

Timber is available in different forms. Converted timber, which is sawn and cut into suitable commercial sizes. A Properties of good timber Timber should have sufficient weight. A timber with heavy weight is considered to be sound and strong. B Seasoning of timbers. This is the process of drying of timber in order to remove all the plant juice and moisture out of it so that it will not decay. Seasoning of timber may be done naturally- or artificially. C Preservation of timber It is the process of preserving the timber structure from the attack of destroying agents like moisture, fungi and insects to ensure increased life.

Some of the preservatives used are oil paints, coal tar and chemical salts. Industrial timber is available in various varieties such as veneers, plywoods, laminated timber and block boards. Such varieties are: Thickness varies from 0. Veneers are used to produce plywoods, batten boards and laminated boards. This process is known as veneering.

A Plywoods - These are prepared by cementing together thin boards or sheets or'wood into panels. Three or more veneers, which are always odd in numbers are placed one above the other so that the grain of each layer is at right angles to the grain in the adjacent layer.

The main advantage is uniform strength and greater resistance to cracking and splitting with change of moisture content. The veneers are held by suitable adhesives like synthetic resms. They are available in standard sizes and thickness.

Interior Design Materials and Specifications

It is used for interior partitions, doors and panelling. B Fibre boards These are rigid boards, which are prepared after processing pieces of wood, cane and then pressing them together.

It is also known as pressed wood and available in various forms like laminated boards and hard boards. They are used for wall panelling, suspended ceiling and partitions. C Block boards - Block board has a core made up of strips of wood glued or joined to form a slab, which is further glued between two or more outer veneers in such a way that direction of the grain of the core blocks running at right angles to the adjacent outer veneers.

These boards are Qf two types, -. It is used for furniture, panelling and partitions. Plastics are broadly classified into different types depending upon their behaviour when heated and cooled during manUfacture. A Thermoplastics - These plastics are softened by heat during the manufacturing process and regain their original properties as they solidify duriQg. Some of the uses are PVC tubes, wall tiles, floor tiles and glazing.

B Thermosetting plastics - These plastics change chemically when heated during manufacturing. It is not possible to reshape these plastics by means of heat and pressure. Some of the uses are Wash basins, water closets, vMves,haIidles and wall panels. Various varieties. Some of them are: B Types of paints. It is used for metal roofs, gas tanks, eledtReal and telephone poles and machinery. It gives black appearance to the surface. It is.. They are alkali resistant and possess high. They are used for painting steel, brickwork exterior and roofs.

Cement paint is available in powder form in variety of shades. It has Ibetter water proof qualities, strength, hardness, durability and decorative appearance. It is used for p,lastered brickwork, stone masonry and concrete. It has good workability, high ' e , " durability and quick drying. It is used for masonry surfaces.

It is available in ready made form in variety of colours. It dries slowly but after drying it forms a smooth surface. It is not affected by hot and cold water and steam,and it is easilywashable. It is used both for internaland externalworks. The oil paints are used in. Three coats like primer, undercoat and finishing coat are necessary for internal work.

When this paint is thinned with water, it is known as 'plastic emulsion paint'. It has decorative appearance, high covering power and quick drying. They are widely used for showrooms, auditoriums and cinema halls. These are cheap, durable and easily applied on plastered, cement concrete and wall board surfaces. Carbon content in cast iron varies from 1.

It cannot be welded, rolled, puncheq or riveted but caD be melted and cast into various. It is used for making tough materials such as nails, bolts, chains, sheets, handrails an4 ornamental gates. The carbon percentage is limited to 1. There are three " grades of steel in accordance with the percentage of carbon.

Low carbon or mild steel. Medium carbon or hard steel. High carbon steel. Steel is used for trusses, beams, griiIs, mechanical devices and sheets. They are of several types. Three of these metals are of important use in building industry. Pure aluminium is very soft and it is mixed with other metals like copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese and others to increase tensile strength and hardness while retaining the character of lightness and durability.

It is. It is used for roofmg, window frames, glazing bars, posts, panels. Free-standing lamps replaced wall and ceiling lamps. The garden is integrated with the living space by a sliding glass door. The discovery of new building materials led to many more innovative interior design concepts. Describe the emergence of professional interior designer? What are the important features of modem interior design? The main source of design has been nature for man and his creations. From nature many aspects has been picked up for various designs..

To communicate these thoughts, there is a need to develop a design language. Broadly we can divide them into two groups. They can be classified into:. B Form A Line'.

Line - Line is the basic design element. Too many lines of different nature in a room create an impression of visual chaos like too many beams, panelling on walls etc. Equal heights in furniture bring in the impression of unity in the space. Vertical lines create the imPression of height and similarly horizontal lines create the impression of more length.

Vertical lines of door ways, draperies, windows, built-in cupboards give strength and height to a room. Similarly horizontal lines are obtained by tables, chairs, book cases etc. Form It is also referred as shape, area or mass. Forms are closely related to lines. A long rectangular table or sofa helps in creating a line of unity in the room but at the same time too many shapes or formS of furniture create the impressionof chaos. Texture - Surface characteristics of any object is known as texture.

A rough texture absorbs light , ' 4 and smooth surface reflects light. Small and dark rooms should have smooth texture and large rooms can have rough texture, if needed. Textures can be used for wall finish, woodwork, furniture etc. Our national flags and political party flags are good examples of our attachment to various colours.

We all know that colours are an integral part of our religion and culture, so the choice of colour is very important and relative to the functional use of space. Light is intimately linked with colour because light is the source of all colours in nature.

Bright colours should be used in dark areas and dark COIOurfcan be used in lighted areas. There are wide variety of colours for interior surfaces.

A careful and thoughtful use of colours is very essential for attractive interiors. Pattern - Pattern is a kind of surface enrichment. Any room will look dull without any pattern.

In interior design there are three types of motifs or units of design. Ferns and leaves are the most commonly used pattemmodels for fabrics and other decorative articles.

Light - Light is an art and utilitarian element. Light is closely related to colour and texture. Daylight is very important in the overall appearance of a room. Artificial lighting has become common in interior design today due to the lack of natural light in the interiors.

There are many reasons for this.

Many designers prefer artificial light for dramatic effect of interiors. However a good combination of natural and artificial lighting will save energy consumption.

Artistic placement of lights can bring out important areas and keep subordinate areas in shadow. There are several types of artificial lighting appliances available today for interior designers. Now, let us discuss the 'Principles' 2. Balance - Balance is equalisation of attraction on both sides of the centre. There are two types of balance. Emphasis - Emphasis helps to centre the interest to the most important thing or spot in any arrangement.

It should be called as focal point or cenVe of interest. If there is one main emphasized point in a room then others will become subdued. Few examples are a window, an arch. The point of emphasis should be decided by the interior designer. Emphasis 2. Rhythm - Rhythm is the movement of the eye' across a design. It is a kind of organised movement in continuity.

Rhythm develops through repetition of shapes, lines or colours. Rhythm 2. Proportion - Proportion is the consideration'of weight. It demands that all space divisions should be pleasingly related to each other. For example the division-of a room 4. Unity of Harmony - When all the elements of design are nicely related, then the design has unity or harmony. For example if all items have same colour or similar type of wood or.

All forms, lines, textures and colours should be harmonious. The colours need not be the same always, but they can be complementary or matching one another. Gold is the most uncorruptable and perfect of all the metals, so similarly this propotional relationship is also believed to be perfect. It can be described as the relationship of two unequal parts, where the ratio of the smaller part to the larger pan is the same as that of the larger part to the whole.

The ratio can be approximately assumed as 1:I. Assume 'a' as the.. A G lden mean rectangle can be generated from a given square.

First the square is divided into half, then the diagonal of one of these rectangles is rotated d6wn along the side of the original square. From the end of the rotated diagonal the desired Golden mean rectangle is constructed. Example: Assume a square of 4. It is 4. Draw the diagonal arch OB cutting at F. It is 16 sq. It is 9.

It is What are the elements of design composition? What are the principles of design composition? What is 'Golden mean rectangle'? The knowledge of different building materials, their properties and uses help in achieving economy and efficient use of materials. The cost of materials in the construction of a building ranges from 60 to 70 percent of the total cost.

Some essential building materials are described below. Many new building materials are combinations of these materials or further innovations of these materials. It is extensively used in general ,building cQnstruction and ornamental carving.

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